The Sri Adikesavaperumal Temple is a Hindu temple located in Thiruvattar, India and is one of the 108 Divya desams, the holy sites of Hindu Vaishnavism according to existing Tamil hymns from the seventh and eighth centuries C.E. The temple is a picturesque setting surrounded on three sides by rivers namely, (River Kothai, River Pahrali and River Thamirabarani). The Lord AdiKesavaSwamy means 'Foremost Friend'. Legend says that Lord AdiKesavaSwamy defeated the demon Kesi. The demon's wife prayed to the River Ganges and to River Thamirabarani and created a destruction. But it was in vain and she surrendered to the Lord. Thus, the formation of the rivers made in a circle came to be known as Thiruvattaru.
There is a note in the puranic book Puranaanooru about the city "Thiruvattaru". Namalwar called the Lord Perumal as "Vaattattran". There are around 45 inscriptions found in this temple including First Kulothunga Chola's inscription. The temple was built during Cholas, Vetanattu Kings, Thruvathangur Kings period.The temples inner fortress remains the Thanjavur temples' fortress. This temple was built around the land area constructed on the floor araised 18 steps from the river. There are 224 pillars decorated with lamping girl icon around the mandapam. This lamping girl icon is known as Deepalakshmi.There are also 2300 sculptures found. The temple has got Sribali Mandapam which is 13.15 meters in length and 12.40 meters in width. The wood sculptures, Single-stone mandapam, Udayamarthanda Namaskara Mandapam and Sastha Temple front elevation are depicted with puranic stories.The main idol is in 22 feet length. The Lord perumal made up of pepper and sugar, found slept upon Snake is 16008 feet in length.